Category Archives: Blog

How healthy are the lifestyles of Chinese elders?

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Seniors between 50 and 80 in China tend to drink the most and smoke more often than other developing economies, but are the most likely to include healthy foods in their diets, according to a huge study of global aging populations.

Comparing factors such as tobacco, alcohol use, exercise and diet, they examined health risks for more than 30,000 elders from China, Ghana, India, Russia and South Africa.

Examining data from 13,000 elderly Chinese, they were found to be the most likely to drink heavily with 15% of men between 50-59 years old recording heavy alcohol consumption compared with Russia, the second highest, at 3% for the age group.

The divide gets larger tracking drinking among the 70-79 year old participants, with 8.5% of Chinese men drinking heavily, compared to second-place Ghana at 1.7%.  Only 0.7% of Russians in that age group drank, shrinking to 0% for the rest of the countries.

China had the second biggest number of smokers with 58% of men in their 50s smoking.  India had the highest number, with 63%, almost six times more than Ghana, where only 11% of men between 50-59 years old use tobacco.

Examining excercise, China was mid-table with  less than 25% of men and women aged between 50-59 not getting enough physical activity.  Mexico had the most active, with only 11.1% not reporting enough physical activity.
Unsurprisingly, China had the healthiest eaters among the other countries, with only 32% of 50-59-year-olds not eating enough fruits and vegetables. India had the most unhealthy eaters with 87% of elders not getting their greens.

As a result, Chinese men had the lowest levels of central obesity for that age range, at 41%.

The study was one of the first of its kind comparing aged populations in lower- and middle- income economies.   Data was collected between 2007 and 2010 by various organizations from each country and global organizations such as the  World Health Organization.

The goal was to provide a basic foundation for further research, the report, Common risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases among older adults in China, Ghana, Mexico, India, Russia and South Africa: the studyon global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) wave 1, said.

“The baseline information on the magnitude of the problem of risk factors provided by this study can help countries and health policymakers to set up interventions addressing the global non communicable disease epidemic,” it said.

The study was published online in January, 2015.

China’s algae-based biodiesel projected as 17.83 billion CNY industry

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Lakes and rivers covered with pollution-induced algae may fuel a multi-billion dollar industry for China as green energy becomes a priority.

First discovered in 1942, the technology to create biodiesel using lipids found in algae has been around for decades, but is only now starting to become commercially viable.

Easily grown and emitting less carbon when burned for fuel, algae-based biodiesel is often viewed as a very viable alternative to heavily-polluting fossil fuels.

Already, China produces 0.2 trillion t of the algae-derived fuel, making up a 5.86 billion yuan (926 million USD) industry.

Conducting an input-output analysis, a recently published paper from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences said with proper development, the industry could grow to become worth 17.83 billion yuan (2.84 billion USD) in the near future.

In addition to a boom in potential value, the industry could also provide up to 104,000 jobs, more than double the current 39,200 employed in biodiesel production.

“The biggest economic and employment impacts of the algae-derived biodiesel industry are seen in Yunnan followed by Guangxi, Hubei and Henan, with the smallest being in Hunan,” the paper, Socio-economic impacts of algae-derived biodiesel industrial development in China: An input–output analysis, said.
It was published online through Elsevier and will appear in the May 2015 edition of Algal Research.

Tobacco use halved among religious in Ningxia province

A study examining smoking rates among the religious in Ningxia Autonomous Region in China have found those who worship are less likely to smoke.

China is home to one of the largest populations of smokers in the world,  with more than 350 million smokers reported in 2012.  More than 50% of men over the age of 15 smoke.

While religion is typically practiced only among minorities in China,  the study found smoking rates among those who practice any form of religion drop significantly.

Conducted by Ningxia Medical University in cooperation with Duke University Medical Center, they surveyed 2,770 people across Ningxia province.

Among those interviewed,  39.8% participants were Muslim, 8.9% Buddhist, 1.9% Christian, with the remaining 49.3% with no affiliation.

Participants who attend religious activities once a week or more were half as likely to smoke as those who did not.

Among Muslim males,  46.3% who never attend religious activities were like to smoke versus 24.5% for those who do.  The rate shift was almost identical among non-Muslim men.

Believed to be the first study of its kind, the study’s goal was to establish basic information for smoking prevention outside of China’s large metropolitan areas.

“There is a increasing prevalence of religious activity, and a growing acceptance by the Chinese government towards religious organizations,”
the study, Religious involvement and tobacco use in mainland China: a preliminary study, said.

“Buddhism, one of the most popular traditional Chinese religions, believes that whatever damages the body or mind must be abstained from. This is also true in Islam.”

It was published online at Biomed Central in February.

China SOA uses large scale oil fingerprinting to catch spill culprits

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Much like a criminal may leave a fingerprint behind at the scene of a crime, oil carries a molecular calling card that can enable scientists to track the general source in the event of a spill.

While the technology to capture an “oil fingerprint” – specific biomarkers that can identify the source of oil – is becoming increasingly commonplace, often the information can offer a  general idea, but cannot pinpoint a source spot.

“It is usually difficult to identify the source if the oil spill accident occurs during offshore petroleum exploration due to the highly similar physiochemical characteristics of suspected oils from the same drilling platform,” a  recently published paper, Combining molecular fingerprints with multidimensional scaling analyses to identify the source of spilled oil from highly similiar suspected oils, said.

In the paper, researchers from the China’s State Oceanic Administration (SOA) used oil rigs in the South China Sea to explore  combining  multidimensional scaling analysis (MDS) – large amounts of data – on oil fingerprints with a mathematical algorithm that allowed them to more accurately identify the sources of oil from a spill.

“The results suggest that the MDS calculation based on oil fingerprints and subsequently integrated with specific biomarkers in spilled oils is the most effective method,” it said.

The paper was published by the Marine Pollution Bulletin online in March.

50% tax on tobacco would save 231 million years of life for Chinese smokers

China could preserve 231 million years worth of life by implementing a 50% tax on tobacco products,  a recently published study funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates foundation said .

Emulating the numerous  smartphones apps that help smokers quit by offering individual statistics on the money and time  saved for each cigarette they skip, researchers have used cost-effectiveness analysis to determine the impact for the country’s entire smoking population.

Analyzing data from several studies, they determined 231 million  years of life and US$703 billion of additional tax revenues from excise tax could be accumulated over the course of 50 years.

As one of the world’s biggest smoking populations, with more than 300 million male smokers,  China has long mulled heavier taxes on tobacco but has avoided doing so because of the staggering impact it would have on the country’s poor.

China has already made some minor steps in reducing the country’s tobacco use by passing several smoking bans, with some more effective than others.

“Since China’s economy has grown enormously, cigarettes have become cheaper to smokers, which means that more aggressive tobacco taxation is now needed,” the study, The consequences of tobacco tax on household health and finances in rich and poor smokers in China: an extended cost-effectiveness analysis,  said.

The analysis, conducted by Havard’s T.H. Chan School of Health, with the help of several prominent U.S., Canadian and Chinese health institutions,  asserts that a higher tobacco tax could actually help the poor.

Of the $703 billion U.S. dollars of government revenue gained through excise tax, $98 billion would filter down to those in the lowest socio-economic bracket, it said.

The  50% tax would also save $6.6 billion on treatment of tobacco related illness for the poorest population – more than a quarter of the overall health expenditure saved.

“More than 30 years ago the World Bank argued in support of Chinese government policies initiated in late 1981 to increase the retail price of cigarettes by 30%,” it said.

“The current analysis has concluded that such policies are pro-poor in their financial as well as health consequences.”

It was published in Lancet Global Health on March 15, 2015.

Giant Chinese Salamander thought to be extinct in Mayanghe Nature Reserve, Guizhou

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The critically endangered Chinese Giant Salamander  may have become extinct in  the Mayanghe nature reserve in Guizhou province, a recent field study has found.

Reaching 5.9 feet (180cm)  long,  Andrias davidianusis  is considered the largest amphibian in the world.  The species was put on the critically  endangered list after populations were reduced by more than 80% to due to dwindling habitat, pollution and  over-exploitation, with many of the wild salamanders being poached for food or traditional Chinese medicine.

It is believed by some to have an anti-aging effect when consumed.

In January, a group of Chinese police officers were photographed by journalistsdining on the endangered species at a luxury banquet in the southern city of Shenzhen.  The photos caused a public outcry and resulted in suspension for 14 of the officers.

In an effort to better quantify the remaining populations and provide the foundation for further studies, researchers from the Imperial College of London worked with the Ecological Research Center at Guiyang University to conduct fieldwork at 3 nature reserves – Fanjingshan, Leigongshan and Mayanghe.

Collecting sightings reports and collating data using the local communities, they determined that things are looking worse for the giant salamander population.

“Although Fanjingshan and Leigongshan are still priority sites for salamander conservation, few recent sightings were recorded in either reserve, and respondents considered that salamanders had declined locally at both reserves,” the study, Using local ecological knowledge to assess the status of the critically endangered Chinese giant salamander Andrias Davidianus in Guizhou Province, China, said.

“The species may already be functionally extinct at Mayanghe.”

Mayanghe was one of 14 nature reserves established to help revitalize the giant salamander population.

But even as wild populations dwindle, there is some hope on the horizon for the subdued amphibian. China is building a 10.83 million yuan (1.35 million U.S. dollars) breeding center in Jiangxi province which is expected to produce 60,000 giant salamanders annually.

The study was published online by Oryx conservation journal in March.

China to axe commercial logging of natural forests by 2020

As China’s policies  shift to  restoring the environment after years of heavy production, the country  plans to stop all commercial logging of natural forests by 2020, the central government recently announced.

With around 49.92 million cubic meters of natural forests harvested per year, Helilongjiang was the first of the country’s provinces to set the goal in April 2014.  The policy has now been applied to the whole country, Xinhua News Agency reported on Wednesday.

The move is expected to increase China’s forested areas by 100 million mu (6.7million hectares).

The announcement also outlined a plan to reduce harvesting of natural forest by the country’s 4855 state plantations by 20 percent in 2020.

Ecstasy, insecticides found in Beijing blood, hair, nails

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Chinese researchers have analyzed the toxins in the capital’s blood, hair and nails for the first time.The results showed illegal drugs, insecticides and antidepressants were common among those tested.
Blood, hair and nail samples were collected from 40 healthy Beijing volunteers, all of whom reported not taking in any medication in the last year.

After analyzing samples, scientists found trace amounts of MDMA (used in Ecstasy), Benzodiazapam (Valium) and ketamine along with a host of chemicals used in antibiotics, cosmetics and insecticides.

MDMA, the basis for the illegal drug Ecstasy, was found in just under 10 percent of hair samples, while prescription painkiller tramadol was found in more than 20 percent.

Carbamate derivatives, used in the production of a variety of insecticides, were found in 4 percent of the blood samples and 10 percent of the hair samples.Carbamate insecticides such as Carbaryl are usually dusted or sprayed on crops and can be inhaled or digested.They are generally low risk, but can have an adverse effect on the nervous system and, in cases of extreme exposure, can result in death, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Squalene, manufactured from shark liver oil and used in cosmetics, was found in more than 60 percent of the hair and nail samples.

Its the only time such research methods have been used in China, with researchers at Tongji University School of Medicine working with the University of Pierre et Marie-Curie to create new test methods.

“This study is the first of its kind,” the report, which was published in the
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research journal in January, said.

“Therefore, further studies should be conducted in other cities and provinces of China to be compared with each other.”

In addition to setting a baseline by testing other cities, the researchers plan on analyzing hair and nails to find concentrations of heavy metals in Beijing samples in the future.

30,000 Beijing Couples Apply For 2nd Child

The Beijing Municipal Health and Family Planning Commission announced more than 30,000 couples in the capital applied for a second child under the eased policy – 20,000 less than estimated.

In a press conference on Monday, the commission said national estimates are on target, with less than 2 million applications for a second child across China, according to the Xinhua News Agency.

In January 2014, China began piloting a new policy that would allow couples of which at least one is an only child, would be allowed to have a second Child. In Febuary 2014, they implemented the policy nationwide.

In a survey of 2,052 people by China Youth Daily at the end of 2014, only 24.9 percent of those who qualify under the policy have submitted applications for a second child.

Those who opted out cited financial and time costs as being a primary factor, with others saying one child is enough for them.

N. China wetland shut down after swan deaths

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A resort in China’s second largest wetland was closed after a dozen swans are suspected to have died of food poisoning.

The Pinglu Yellow River Wetland Protection Area in northern Shanxi Province is one of the nation’s largest migration spots for swans, with the birds arriving from Russian and Siberia.

Bird enthusiasts often volunteer to help take care of the 10,000 swans that arrive following their winter migration.

But after the bodies of a dozen swans and several wild ducks were found on Jan 4, national forestry officials have closed down the wetland to the public.

Wang Tian’En, a park ranger at the wetland, told China’s official Xinhua News Agency he suspected the bird’s food was poisoned and that this was not an epidemic such as bird flu.

Each year, the local forestry department sends food to help feed the birds, who would otherwise have a hard time finding enough to eat.

Wang believes a portion of this year’s 30,000 kg of corn and cabbage may have been poisoned by poachers so they could collect and eat the bird’s meat.

In some parts of China, a dish containing swan meat can cost up to 600 yuan ($96 USD). If sold live at an illegal market, the birds can fetch up to 3000 yuan.

There are 239 species of birds residing in the Pinglu Yellow River Wetland Protection Area, with 37 protected at the national level.

Men with schizophrenia in rural China more likely to die than women

A follow up to a 14 year study from the University of Hong Kong has found men with schizophrenia in rural China have a much more difficult time than women with the disorder.

When compared with female patients,  male patients were considerably younger, had higher death, suicide and homless rates, and less family or social support.

The shorter survival rate among men may explain why schizophrenia is more prevalent among women in rural areas, the report concluded.

Beginning in 1994, researchers with Hong Kong University’s Department of Social Work and Social Administration began observing progress of schizophrenia patients in Xinjin County, Chengdu, Sichuan province.

Follow-up research was conducted in 2004 and 2008 before the conclusion of the study. The latest data from the long-term project was published in the British Journal of Psychology, January 2015, Volume 206, Issue 1.

In China, many children left behind

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Rural children who’s parents leave them at home while they work for long periods in cities are more likely to suffer from depression, but excel in studies.

As China’s urbanization draws parents away from towns and villages to earn more money working in cities, a generation of ‘left behind’ children, those who remain in a small town with no parents, has emerged.

Instead, they are looked after by grandparents, who usually have little or no education, family friends, who have their own children to take care of, or are simply left to fend for themselves.

Currently, there are 61 million left behind children in China, 40% of which are under 5 years old.

With a lack of proper guidance and emotional support, they are more likely to suffer from depression and low self-esteem, a recent study found.

Researchers from Central China Normal University surveyed more than 1,700 adolescents, varying in age and gender,  throughout central China’s Hubei province.

They found children who’s parents have left experience lower life-satisfaction compared to those who do.

With little interaction in their home life, left behind children tend to place greater emphasis on school, excelling in education.

In many cases, they turn to teachers for emotional support.

“Mitigating factors which positively influenced outcomes of certain subgroups of left-behind children included the presence of one parent, increased parental contact, and shorter length of time since parental migration,” the study, published in the January edition of School Psychology International, said.

Unfortunately, head teachers interviewed for the study said parents of such children rarely communicate.

They concluded more efforts should be made in school-led initiatives to help the children adjust.

Poorly designed kitchens increase cancer risk by 49% for Shanghai women

For those looking for a reason to renovate to your kitchen – here’s one.

A 13-year study in Shanghai found that poorly ventilated kitchens increased cancer risk by 49 percent.

The research followed 71,320 women in Shanghai who never smoked from 1996 to 2009.  Of those women, 429 of them contracted some form of lung cancer.

Including factors such as coal usage, ventilation, cooking method and amount of cooking oil used, they concluded that poor ventilation was the only solid link to cancer risk.

Coal usage, while a heavily contributing factor when paired with poor kitchen ventilation, could not be independantly corroborated with cancer risk.

There was no significant connection made with cooking oil.

“The risk of lung cancer is an important public health issue in cities across China where people may have lived in homes with inadequate kitchen ventilation,” the report concluded.

Titled “Home kitchen ventilation, cooking fuels, and lung cancer risk in a prospective cohort of never smoking women in Shanghai, China”, the research was done in cooperation from 7 universities including the National Cancer Institute in Maryland, Yale University and the Shanghai Cancer Institute.

It was published in the February 2015 edition of the International Journal of Cancer.

China more reluctant to take part in clinical research than U.S., fearing safety

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When it comes to participating in clinical research, Chinese are far more reluctant when compared to Americans, with safety and compensation listing as their top priority.

A 2-year study interviewing more than 1,100 patients from rural, urban China and the US compared attitudes toward clinical research.

It found those in the US were more likely to have no problem with clinical research, but if concerns were mentioned they were privacy, confidentiality and safety.

Safety was the top concern for a majority of both rural and urban Chinese.

Among Chinese participants, especially rural, self-benefit was also listed as a top priority.  Free medical care and financial incentives went a long way in influencing participation, whereas being told they were free to leave the study whenever they like had little impact.

Titled “A Comparative Study of Patients’ Attitudes Toward Clinical Research in the United States and Urban and Rural China”, the research aims to provide information that will help future cross-cultural clinical studies be more effective.

It was published in the Clinical and Translational Science journal on January 15, 2015.

Giant Pandas obtain less nutrients from Bamboo than Sheep

While often its the results that keep us fascinated in science, sometimes it is the process in which they are obtained.

In this case, researchers produced a study that examined, in depth, how China’s beloved panda digests the cell walls of Bamboo – by simulating digestion using temperature-controlled panda feces.

They found pandas generally absorb less nutrients from bamboo when comparing similar test methods to observe sheep digestion.

Scientists from the School of Vetrinary Medicine at Kitasato University, Japan, used a scanning electron miscroscopy in vitro to observe digestion of pandas at the Chengdu Research and Breeding base in the least invasive way possible.

They supplemented their info by keeping panda feces at a temperature of 37 degrees celcius for 12 hours in order to simulate digestion before examining the results.

They concluded the likely reason pandas absorb less nutrients than sheep is because they are not capable of breaking down bamboo cell walls, either through microbes or enyzmes.

In addition to bettering understanding the panda’s digestive system, the study also has implications in better health treatments and quicker diagnosis for the rare animal.

The paper, titled “Procedure and Mechanisms of Bamboo Cell Wall Digestion in the Giant Panda, Ailurpoda melanoleuca” was published by the Mammals Society of Japan in January.

Toddlers in Fireworks producing cities exposed to high levels of potentially dangerous Propellant

Researchers found almost 80 percent of toddlers living in two fireworks producing cities exceeded the recommended US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) exposure of Perchlorate, a salt used in creating rocket fuel, explosives and fireworks.

Perchlorate can potentially adversely impact the thyroid’s ability to produce certain hormones and is capable of hindering development in children.

Scientists tested indoor dust, urine, drinking water and milk to test exposure for toddlers, children and adults in fireworks and non-fireworks producing cities.

With the highest percentage, 79 percent of the toddlers tested exceeded EPA levels, with 48 percent of children tested and 25 percent of adults also over the limit.

The Chinese researchers found indoor dust was one of the biggest contributors, responsible for high levels of perchlorate in 26 percent of toddlers, 28 percent of children and 7 percent of adults.

The samples were taken from fireworks producing cities Yueyang and Nanchang and non-producing cities Tianjin, Shijiazhuang, Yuxi and Guilin.

Overall, levels in both were much higher than that of other countries, with Yueyang and Nanchang naturally having the highest levels.

Perchlorate remains an issue in the US, where the chemical is sometimes found in drinking water.  While several studies have been conducted in the US, more data is needed before an official ruling can be given on perchlorate, the US EPA said on its website. It is currently unregulated.

The research was published on January 14, 2015, by the American Chemical Society.

28% of rare White yaks in Tibetan Village have Chlamydia

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Blood samples from white yaks in a herding village in Gansu province revealed as many as 28.77% are infected with Chlamydia Abortus, potentially threatening a vital source of income for locals.

Chlamydia Abortus is a strain of the STD that commonly infects humans which greatly increases the risk of fetus deaths in mammals.  It is transmitted sexually or orally, found in various species including humans.

Zhuaxixiulong village, one of two locations tested, had the highest prevalence in their herds, with more than a quarter of the white yaks infected.  The overall average was 16.22%.

Vetrinary universities from Jilin, Hunan and Anhui collected samples from 974 of the rare yaks in  Zhuaxixiulong village and Xidatan village, Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomous County, Gansu Province between 2013 and 2014.

The number of blood samples with positive results was slightly less than the black yaks tested in neighboring Qinghai province (17.66%) and significantly lower than tests from India, where herds showed results as high as 35%.

Milk, meat and leather from the white yak are an important commodity to those in the county, which has around 40,000 white yaks in total. In some areas, it is considered a holy entity and worshipped by the locals.

Green advertising grows 50% in China, though many guilty of “Sin of No Proof”

As pollution continues to draw criticism, advertising for green products and services has seen huge growth in the last decade.

Between 2004 and 2014, green advertisements in newspapers and magazines increased by 49%, according to a study by Huazhong University’s School of Management in Wuhan, China.

Defining green advertising as containing messages that promote  planet preservation, animal preservation or personal health preservation, researchers examined more than 1,300 green ads in prominent newspapers and magazines.

They found Chinese companies tended to focus on selling green products while foreign-owned enterprises were more likely to gear their ads toward developing a green brand.

With almost nothing in the way of laws or regulations to restrict them,  33% of Chinese companies were found guilty of greenwashing – spinning a product as green, even if it’s not.  The most common example found were advertisements with the  ‘sin of no proof’, where advertisements makes claims they cannot back up.

In 2011,  China’s State Administration for Industry and Commerce, identified more than 230,000 false advertisements were published daily, with only 16,000 being dealt with due to lack of resources.

Oil, chemical and plastics companies were the most prominent green advertisers based on industry, with transport equipment manufacturing and household appliances coming in second and third respectively.

Among the Chinese ads, 69% focused on product sales, with the remaining 30%  examining corporate branding.  For foriegn enterprises the numbers were more moderate with 56% of advertisements for green products.

“These numbers show that enterprises in China were more motivated by product sale than corporate image when deploying green advertising, while foreign enterprises adopted a more balanced strategy,” the study, titled “A Content Analysis of Green Advertising in China”, said.

It was published in the Journal of Marketing and Case studies at the end of 2014.

Toxic puffer fish found in Beijing fish fillets

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More than half of the fish fillets bought in Beijing and Qingdao were found containing toxins from puffer fish, a new study found.

Scientists from Medical college of Qingdao University tested 90 roasted fish fillets purchased at restaurants and supermarkets in the two cities for tetrodotoxin and found more than 68% were positive.

Using DNA tests, they discovered 87.5 of the 58 positive samples contained meat from the highly toxic Lagocephalus Lunaris puffer fish.

The amount of Tetrodotoxin in each fish varied from .10 miligrams per kilogram to as much as 63.81 mg/kg.

Considered 100 times more poisonous than cyanide, a 75 kg person ingesting 25 mg of tetrodotoxin can suffer paralysis of the diaphram, resulting in respiratory failure and death.

The paper, “Study on tetrodotoxin detection and puffer fish identification of roasted fish fillet at the retail in Beijing and Qingdao”, ascertained the toxic meat was mixed in with the raw materials before being cooked.

“Based on these results, we suggest that roasted fish fillet producers should prevent toxic puffer fish from mixing in the raw material and the regulators should strengthen TTX surveillance and product labeling supervision of roasted fish fillet,” the study, published in the Journal of Hygeine Research at the end of last year, said.

Tobacco’s hazards more apparent as China switches to clean fuel

As more Chinese households move away from burning coal for heat, the impact of cigarette smoke on lung cancer numbers in the country’s most cancer-ridden city is becoming more clear.

Scientists collected data from 520 males, half of which had lung cancer in Xuanwei, Yunnan, where mortality rates from lung cancer are 12 times the national average at 186 per 100,000 people.

Analyzing exposure to smokey coal used in heating, cooking and power generation, as well as cigarettes, they found, unsurprisingly, the two are heavily linked.

However, the researchers said coal increased lung cancer risk 6 fold, whereas smoking had a less poignant impact.

Smokey coal used in the home or emitted from power plants was strongly associated with lung cancer, increasing the risk 6 fold.  The locally
used Lai Bin and Long Tan coals presented the greatest risk, the study, published in the Lung Cancer journal, said.

Genetically Modified Crops decline in China

The number of genetically crops in China declined by 300,000 hectares in 2014, after safety concerns have many farmers opting for traditional harvests.

The country grew a total of 3.9 million hectares of GM crops in 2014, according to research from the International Service for Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA).

The drop was largely due to low cotton prices and overstocking.

Only two GM crops are approved in China – cotton and papaya. Staple foods such as GM rice are prohibited from commercial use, though two strands of rice have official safety cerficiation for non-commercial use.

Despite several  restrictions on the production of GM crops, China is the sixth largest producer in the world.

Scientists discover method to reverse hard boiled eggs

This story’s not so much about China as it is about one of the country’s favorite foods.

Scientists in Irvine, California have successfully discovered a method to reverse the process of hard boiling eggs, or returning the yolk proteins back to a liquid form.

While the method may be not be practical for those indecisive about their daily poultry intake, the technique has wide application from cancer treatment, lab sanitation and food processing.

When an egg yolk is boiled, proteins contained within become tangled as they shift state.

The research discovered a technique to detangle the proteins and allow them to refold into their previous state, Greg Weiss, a professor of chemisry, molecular biolgy and biochemistry at UC Irvine who participated in the project, told

Though they only worked with a single protein, the process could theoretically be expanded to unboil a hard-boiled egg, he said.

It’s most immediate use will be in helping remove proteins from test tubes, a process that previously took up to 4 days and was very costly.

But applications are far-reaching, ranging from cheaper cancer antibodies, with the current process using hamster ovaries where being able to shift protein state could better utilize costly resources, to better processed cheeses.

The study, titled Shear-Stress-Mediated Refolding of Proteins from Aggregates and Inclusion Bodies, was published in European Biochemsitry Journal Chembiochem.  

The Fairest of Them All

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Beauty pageants have always been a big part of my life. I have been competing in them for a long time. Every since I have been a little girl, my mother has been my pageant she taught me how to smile and poise in the contests. I have always won every contest that I have entered. I have a special trophy room full of awards. Although pageants come very easy for me. it is very stressful. I have had to deal with jealous women. They are jealous of my eyelashes. I used a products from to aid me in my contests.

One of the problems that I constantly faced was Sasha Collins she was a spoiled woman that came from a wealthy family. Sasha and I have been competing against each other since we were little girls. She always tried her best to upstage me, but I was always able to beat her. She was really jealous of my beauty and my achievements. Continue reading

Watching What I Want and Saving Money Too

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I used to have cable TV, but I discovered that I was not really using it. I was paying for hundreds of channels that I simply did not use. I was not using the 70 music channels, the dozens of sports channels, or most of the other channels. I decided to cancel my cable after looking at my alternatives, which included Netflix. I was not a subscriber of Netflix while I had my cable, and I discovered that I would use Netflix a whole lot more, especially after reading some things on

This is a website that is 100 percent about Netflix. It shows everything that is coming as well as leaving for the month. It does a lot more than that though. There are so many shows on Netflix, and quite a few of them are original. Continue reading

We Needed to Gain Access to the Filing System

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I needed to find an emergency Brisbane locksmith as quickly as possible. My boss lost the keys to the filing system, and we desperately needed in it. My boss wanted to just break the filing cabinets, but they are pretty much immune to that. We got the best when we purchased them because we wanted to make sure that no one else would be able to break into them either. I looked at a few different locksmiths in the area. One was perfect for our needs, and the nice thing is he was able to come over right when we called him.

I was not sure if a locksmith was the right answer at first because of how the filing cabinet system is. Continue reading